Simbel is an important temple in southern Egypt. It was built
II, one of the most powerful of the Egyptian pharaohs.
Simbel is carved into a rock cliff. In front of it are four gigantic
statues of Ramesses seated on his throne. Each statue is approximately
20 m (65 ft) high. Inside the temple
there are more statues of Ramesses and his family. There are also
many monuments to the Egyptian gods.
In the 1960's the Egyptian government built a dam
near Abu Simbel. The temple and the huge figures guarding it had to
be moved to higher ground because the dam turned the area into a lake.
Abu Simbel was rebuilt to within 5 cm of its original size and shape.