Lesson 6: Chaldea
The fourth and final great civilization of Mesopotamia was Chaldea.
Chaldea, or New Babylonia, was to a certain degree a recreation of
the old Babylonian empire. However, this second Babylonian empire
was even greater and more glorious than the first.
Under Nebuchadnezzar, the most famous of the Chaldean kings, the city of Babylon was rebuilt with great splendor. It became one of the most magnificent cities in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The city had beautiful gates of brass engraved with intricate designs. Its streets were laid with great blocks of red and white stone. The city walls were also enlarged. The walls were so thick that an eight-horse chariot could turn around on the top of them!
also became home to one of the seven wonders of the ancient world:
Gardens. These gardens were a series of earth-covered terraces
in which beautiful trees,flowers, and shrubs were planted. Water was
pumped from the Euphrates River and used to make waterfalls and pools
throughout the gardens. Nebuchadnezzar had these gardens built to
look like a mountain in order to make his queen happy (she had been
raised amongst the mountains and missed her home). From a distance,
the gardens looked as if they were hanging in the air.
The kings who followed Nebuchadnezzar were
unable to hold power for long. One after another, the countries that
Chaldea had conquered rebelled and became free. Then the Persians,
mighty conquerors from the east, captured Babylon, and the last great
Mesopotamian civilization fell.
Send In Activity 6